One of the strongest storms which destroyed the coasts of United States is known as Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina is placed in category 3 hurricanes with the sustained wind power of 125 mph (110 kts) during landfall and minimum central pressure at 920mb which is third lowest in record. This storm also took form of category 5 hurricanes with its peak strength at 1800 UTC. This monster impacts the United States in 2005 and there was disaster everywhere, according to an estimate the total property damaged was about $81 billion USD. At least 1800 people died due to Hurricane Katrina and its subsequent floods. It is the next deadliest hurricane during last 100 years. The other two worse hurricanes are known as Okeechobee hurricane in 1928 and hurricane Andrew in 1992.The most effected cities of the U.S were New Orleans, LA, Gulfport, MS and Gulf Coasts of the United States.
Taking form over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005 Hurricane Katrina took form as a moderate category 1 hurricane while crossing Southern Florida. It was the result of an interaction of the tropical wave and due to the remains of Tropical Depression Ten. On August 24, the system indicated its status to tropical storm and it was the point it was given the name Katrina. The storm first weakened over land but again regained the deadly power after entering the Gulf Mexico. In just nine hours the storm gets the status of category 3 to category 5.
The president of the United States W.Bush declared a state of emergency in different regions of Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi. The United Stated Coast Guard activated the nearly 400 reservists. Emergency evacuation was issued for the main areas of southeast Louisiana and other related cities, about 1.2 million residents were covered under this evacuation mission.
After all this damage and destruction the economic effects of the storm were frightening long lasting. The main affected supplies were oil supply, the whole highway infrastructure was destroyed and the main commodities related to exports like grain. Thousands of the local employees were unemployed. Besides this economical disaster its environmental damages were also unbelievable.
Only for repairs in the region the estimate was about $ 105 billion. Thirty oil platforms and nine refineries were closed due to its harm effects. 1.3 million acres of the forest land the forestry industry in Mississippi was also destroyed. The forest industry lost was nearly $5 billion.
This storm caused substantial beach abrasion and in some cases completely shocking disaster. Due to land fall nearly 90 miles to the east in Dauphin Island was affected. Over 20% of the local marshes were completely covered by the water due to storm. The land which was a nice breeding ground for marine mammals was lost.
After the hurricane damage on August 30, 2005 some hungry and needy citizens of New Orleans who were left behind, they began looting the stores. There was no other source available but they also take over other non-essentials items as well. All people of the county contributed to help the victims of hurricane Katrina. Government and local government took necessary steps to restore the damage and to start new life there.